Liverworts of Illinois - Working List

Organized by family. The taxa listed here correspond to the current treatment on iNaturalist. Bolded taxa have observations.
Source listing the taxon for Illinois follows:
FNA (Flora North America in-progress treatments) - 81 taxa
Stotler (explicitly confirmed in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler's Synopsis of Liverwort Flora North of Mexico) - adds 4 taxa
Inv. (various inventories listed below)
Coll. (Collections)

  1. (adds 8 taxa)
  3. (adds 1 taxon)
  5. (adds 1 taxon)
  7. (adds 1 taxon)
  8. (adds 2 taxa)
  10. (adds 4 taxa)
  12. (adds 4 taxa)
Order Family Taxon Source
Blasiales Blasiaceae Blasia pusilla FNA, Stotler, 1, 5
Fossombroniales Fossombroniaceae **Fossombronia cristula** FNA, Stotler
**Fossombronia foveolata** FNA, 4, 10, 14
Fossombronia wondraczekii Stotler
Jungermanniales Adelanthaceae **Syzygiella autumnalis** FNA, 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15
Anastrophyllaceae Isopaches bicrenatus 1, 10
Blepharostomataceae Blepharostoma trichophyllum FNA, Stotler, 1, 6
Calypogeiaceae Asperifolia sullivantii FNA, Stotler, 12
Calypogeia integristipula FNA
Calypogeia muelleriana ssp. blomquistii FNA
Calypogeia muelleriana ssp. muelleriana FNA, 10
**Calypogeia neogaea** FNA, Stotler
Cephaloziaceae Cephalozia bicuspidata FNA, 9, 13, 15
**Fuscocephaloziopsis catenulata** 10, 12
Fuscocephaloziopsis connivens FNA, 1, 4, 12, 15
**Fuscocephaloziopsis lunulifolia** 1, 3, 8, 12
Fuscocephaloziopsis pleniceps 12
**Nowellia curvifolia** FNA, 1, 6, 10, 12
**Odontoschisma denudatum** 1
**Odontoschisma sphagni** FNA, 8, 10, 12, 14
Cephaloziellaceae Cephaloziella divaricata FNA, 10, 12, 14
Cephaloziella elachista FNA
**Cephaloziella hampeana** FNA, 4, 12, 14
Cephaloziella rubella FNA, 9, 15
Cephaloziella spinigera FNA
Endogemmataceae Endogemma caespiticia 15
Geocalycaceae **Geocalyx graveolens** FNA, 1, 2, 3, 15
Gymnomitriaceae Marsupella emarginata 12
Marsupella sphacelata 10
**Nardia lescurii** 3
Harpanthaceae Harpanthus scutatus Stotler, 1, 3, 6
Jungermanniaceae Jungermannia pumila FNA, Stotler
Liochlaena lanceolata FNA, Stotler, 1, 13, 15
Lepidoziaceae **Bazzania tricrenata var. tricrenata** 10
**Bazzania trilobata** (+var. depauperata) FNA, Stotler, 1, 6, 8, 12
Kurzia sylvatica 12
Lepidozia reptans 1, 6
Lophocoleaceae **Chiloscyphus pallescens** FNA
Chiloscyphus polyanthos FNA, 5
**Lophocolea bidentata** 10, 12, 14, 15
Lophocolea coadunata FNA
**Lophocolea heterophylla** FNA, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
**Lophocolea minor** FNA, Stotler, 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15
Plagiochilaceae **Plagiochila porelloides var. porelloides** FNA, 1, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14
**Plagiochila retrorsa** FNA, Stotler, 8
Plagiochila undata FNA, 15
**Plagiochila virginica var. virginica** FNA
Scapaniaceae **Diplophyllum apiculatum** 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 14
Scapania mucronata ssp. mucronata FNA
**Scapania nemorea ssp. nemorea** FNA, 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 15
**Scapania undulata** 5, 8, 10, 12, 15
Schistochilopsis incisa FNA, 1, 6
Solenostomataceae **Solenostoma crenuliforme** FNA, 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 14
Solenostoma fossombronioides FNA, Stotler, 5, 10, 12, 14
Solenostoma gracillimum FNA, 1, 10
Solenostoma hyalinum FNA, 1, 5, 6, 14, 15
Trichocoleaceae **Trichocolea tomentella** FNA, 1, 3, 6, 10, 12
Lunulariales Lunulariaceae Lunularia cruciata
Marchantiales Aytoniaceae **Asterella tenella** FNA, 1, 10, 12, 14
Mannia fragrans FNA, 1, 12
**Mannia triandra** FNA
**Reboulia hemisphaerica ssp. hemisphaerica** FNA, 1, 2, 3, 5, 12, 14, 15
Conocephalaceae **Conocephalum Type A** FNA, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15
Dumortieraceae **Dumortiera hirsuta ssp. hirsuta** FNA
Marchantiaceae **Marchantia polymorpha** (+**ssp. ruderalis**) FNA, 1, 2, 5, 9, 15
**Marchantia quadrata** FNA, 1, 5, 15
Ricciaceae Riccia austini 14
Riccia beyrichiana FNA, 9, 14
Riccia cavernosa FNA
**Riccia dictyospora** FNA, 2, 10, 14
**Riccia fluitans complex** FNA, 1, 4, 14
Riccia frostii FNA, 1
Riccia glauca var. glauca FNA
**Riccia hirta** FNA, 10, 14
**Riccia huebeneriana ssp. sullivantii** FNA, 15
Riccia membranacea FNA, 14
Riccia sorocarpa FNA, 2, 9, 15
**Ricciocarpos natans** FNA, 1, 2, 4, 9, 15
Metzgeriales Aneuraceae **Aneura pinguis** FNA, 5, 15
Aneura sharpii Stotler
**Riccardia latifrons ssp. latifrons** FNA
**Riccardia palmata** FNA
Metzgeriaceae Metzgeria conjugata 8, 10, 12, 14
**Metzgeria furcata** 10, 12
Pallaviciniales Pallaviciniaceae **Pallavicinia lyellii** FNA, 12, 14
Pelliales Pelliaceae **Pellia epiphylla** 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 14
Porellales Frullaniaceae **Frullania asagrayana** FNA, 1, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15
Frullania bolanderi 1, 2
Frullania brittoniae FNA
**Frullania eboracensis** FNA, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
Frullania ericoides FNA, 1, 6, 12, 14
**Frullania inflata** FNA, 1, 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14
Frullania kunzei FNA
Frullania riparia FNA, 1, 6, 10
Frullania virginica FNA
Jubulaceae **Jubula pennsylvanica** FNA, 8, 10, 12, 14
Lejeuneaceae **Cheilolejeunea clypeata** 10, 12, 14
Cheilolejeunea unciloba 8, 12
**Cololejeunea biddlecomiae** FNA, 1, 8, 10, 12, 14
Lejeunea cavifolia 1, 13
Lejeunea laetevirens 12
Lejeunea lamacerina ssp. gemminata FNA, Stotler, 8, 12, 14
Porellaceae **Porella pinnata** FNA, 10, 12, 14, 15
**Porella platyphylla** FNA, 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15
Radulaceae **Radula complanata** FNA, 1, 6, 15
**Radula obconica** FNA, 8, 10, 12, 14
Ptilidiales Ptilidiaceae **Ptilidium pulcherrimum** FNA, 1, 2, 15
Sphaerocarpales Sphaerocarpaceae Sphaerocarpos michelii 7
Sphaerocarpos texanus FNA

Taxa for which collections exist but have no literature supporting their presence in IL:
Anastrophyllum michauxii
Apopellia endiviifolia
Bazzania denudata
Clevea hyalina
Diplophyllum albicans
Frullania dilatata
Frullania stylifera
Fuscocephaloziopsis macrostachya
Gymnomitrion concinnatum
Heterogemma capitata
Jungermannia atrovirens (probably a misnamed Liochlaena lanceolata)
Lejeunea patens
Leptoscyphus heterophyllus (probably a misnamed Lophocolea heterophylla)
Lophozia longiflora
Lophozia ventricosa
Lunularia cruciata
Marchantia paleacea
Mesoptychia badensis var. badensis
Pellia neesiana
Porella arboris-vitae
Porella obtusata
Ptilidium ciliare
Riccardia multifida
Riccia bifurca
Riccia crystallina
Riccia lamellosa
Riccia macallisteri
Riccia oerstediana
Riccia rhenana
Riccia stenophylla (fluitans complex)
Scapania apiculata (perhaps Diplophyllum apiculatum?)
Scapania bolanderi
Scapania curta
Scapania irrigua


Taxon Source
Anthoceros agrestis FNA, 10, 15
Notothylas orbicularis FNA, 1, 11, 14
Phaeoceros carolinianus FNA, 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 12, 14, 15

Working key to hornworts:
.1. Sporophytes ("horns") short, lying prostrate . . . Notothylas orbicularis
.1'. Sporophytes ("horns") long, upright . . . 2
.2. Black spores, mature colonies with "frilly" margins and dotted with black Nostoc colonies . . . Anthoceros agrestis
.2'. Yellow spores, mature colonies smooth, Aneura-like, lacking Nostoc colonies . . . Phaeoceros carolinianus

Publicado el 02 de enero de 2024 a las 03:19 AM por rynxs rynxs



Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses

@abelkinser @bob375 @mrostrowski @wildlander @sedge I couldn't find a list of liverworts known from Illinois, and many of the collections on Bryophyte Portal seem to be misidentified, so I used Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) to compile a list of liverwort species whose ranges includes Illinois. Please let me know if you have any comments/corrections/suggestions. Species with a question mark after them have ranges that possibly include part of Illinois, but are not mentioned explicitly as occurring in/around Illinois.

Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses

This is very helpful. Thank you!

Anotado por bgrimmer hace 7 meses

According to NatureServe, the Illinois Plagiochila retrorsa site is Little Grand Canyon. Should be distinguishable by strong teeth on the leaves.

Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses

@ammophila Brian can you add to this using the references we used for Illinois bryophytes?

Anotado por sedge hace 7 meses

Thanks! I bet we can get 1-3 new ones in the state by the end of the year.

Anotado por wildlander hace 7 meses

@sedge Yes, I'll cross-reference with my lists and see if I can add anything/clarify ranges.

Anotado por ammophila hace 7 meses

Love it! Thanks for putting this together. I did the same years ago in a notebook. I’ll see if I can find it. What about Plagiochila sharpii? Synonym of P. retrorsa? I also have reprints of Stolter articles for species lists for different natural areas of so IL that I can cross reference with list.

Anotado por abelkinser hace 7 meses

That would be fantastic. I'm hoping to keep a working list of the species recorded for IL, enough to (hopefully) make including them in future floras possible. I'll see what I can come up with for a way of checking off species as we find them for certain counties.

Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) lists Plagiochila sharpii as a synonym of P. retrorsa. I'd love to see those reprints. Is it possible to share them, or are they print only?

Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses

I have seen P. retrorsa at Little Grand Canyon years ago. I bet I can relocate.

Anotado por abelkinser hace 7 meses

Great! Do you have any idea where Aneura sharpii might be?

Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses

Here is a list of taxa from Stolter so IL published reports that are not on your list. Some are likely synonyms due to taxonomic changes I’ve not kept up with, but some are definitely missing from list.
Calypogeia trichomonis
Cephalozia connivens
Cephalozia pleniceps
Cephoziella hampeana
Kurzia sylavatica is reported from Lusk Creek and Little Grand Canyon
Lejeunea laetovirens
Leucolejeunea clypeata (Cheilolejeunea clypeata on iNat, I see this one throughout Shawnee Hills)
Leucolejeunea unciloba
Lophocolea cuspidata
Lophozia bicrenata
Marsupella emarginata
Marsupella sphacelata
Metzgeria furcata
Odontoschisma prostratum
Riccia austini
Riccia dictyospora
Riccia membranacea

Anotado por abelkinser hace 7 meses

Negative on A. sharpii. Likely not from so IL.

Anotado por abelkinser hace 7 meses

I'll include the range description Stotler & Crandall-Stotler give for each of those species here, for convenience.

Calypogeia trichomanis: "The name Mnium trichomanis L. (5 Calypogeia trichomanis (L.) Corda) is a “nomina utique rejicienda” or rejected name listed in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Wiersema et al., 2015: 423) and is not to be used. Plants labeled as such rarely, if ever, represent C. azurea Stotler & Crotz and are most likely referable to C. muelleriana (Schiffn.) M¨ull. Frib., or, if they are from the southeastern United States and have blue oil bodies, C. peruviana Nees & Mont. We have confirmed C. azurea from the Pacific Northwest; it might also occur in eastern Canada. Calypogeia azurea is a distinct species, not simply a replacement name for C. trichomanis."

Cephalozia connivens: synonym of Fuscocephaloziopsis connivens, listed above.

Cephalozia pleniceps: synonym of Fuscocephaloziopsis pleniceps. "[var. pleniceps] is in the west from Alaska and the Yukon south to California, Wyoming, Nevada, and New Mexico, and in the east from Greenland to Ontario, New England, and New York. It is in Europe from Scandinavia and Russia south to the British Isles, France, and Italy, and in Siberia and the Russian Far East... [var. caroliniana] is known only from the type in North Carolina."

Cephoziella hampeana: listed above

Kurzia sylavatica: listed above, I'll remove the question mark

Lejeunea laetovirens: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Lejeunea laetevirens; "This species is in the southeastern United States from Florida north to West Virginia; it is widespread in northern South America, the West Indies, and Central America." I'll add it to the list.

Leucolejeunea clypeata: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Cheilolejeunea clypeata (as you know), I'll add it to the list.

Leucolejeunea unciloba: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Cheilolejeunea unciloba; "This species is found from Rhode Island south along the outer coastal plain to Florida and west to eastern Texas; it is also in Mexico, Peru, Brazil, and South Africa." I'll add it to the list.

Lophocolea cuspidata: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Lophocolea coadunata, with some very complicated taxonomic explanations for why.

Lophozia bicrenata: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Isopaches bicrenatus, listed above.

Marsupella emarginata: "This transcontinental species is found from Alaska south to California, Colorado, and Wyoming in the west and in the east from Greenland and Ellesmere Island south to Nova Scotia, Quebec, and throughout New England, to New York, North and South
Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee, to Michigan and Minnesota. It is also in central and western South America and throughout northern and central Europe, North Africa, western Asia, and the Russian Far East." I'll add it to the list.

Marsupella sphacelata: "This species is widespread from Alaska to British Columbia and Alberta to Idaho and California, and in the east from Greenland to Newfoundland, Quebec, and Ontario, through New England and south to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia. It is widespread in both Europe and Japan." I'll add it to the list.

Metzgeria furcata: "In North America, this species is definitively known only from Vermont; it is widespread in Europe." I'll add it to the list with a question mark.

Odontoschisma prostratum: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Odontoschisma sphagni, listed above.

Riccia austini: in Stotler & Crandall-Stotler (2017) as Riccia lamellosa, listed above.

Riccia dictyospora: This species is found in the eastern United States from Minnesota to Connecticut and south to Texas and Georgia." I'll add it to the list.

Riccia membranacea: "This species is found in the eastern United States west to Oklahoma and Texas; it is also in Mexico, South America, and tropical Africa." I'll add it to the list.

Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses


I would add Nardia lescurii, which has a few collections from the Rocky Branch in east-central IL. This is one of our rarer species and on my Bryophyte watch list. If you haven't looked at Bill Mcknight's thesis (Bryophytes of Illinois), it is available here and has some interesting things, along with some notes about dubious collections.


Anotado por ammophila hace 7 meses

I've been combing through it. I don't have experience with that kind of formatting, so I've been working on figuring out how to decipher it. Eastern Illinois University has a number of published bryophyte inventories I've been working through, including the one describing the finding of Nardia at Rocky Branch:

Stotler & Crandall-Stotler describe Nardia lescurii as "an endemic of southeastern North America," which seems odd. I'll add it to the list.

Anotado por rynxs hace 7 meses

Very interesting that you put this list together now. I had decided to look more closely for Liverworts this year at Warbler Ridge. I don’t know anything them, but I’m generally pretty good at finding what I don’t recognize. I’m hoping I can at least add to the Illinois ranges for some of the Liverworts. I should probably spend a little more time at Rocky Branch this year.

Anotado por prairiebeeman hace 7 meses

Note: Calypogeia sullivantii was swapped into Asperifolia sullivantii, following the findings of Bakalin et al. (2022). In our region, this is the only species affected.

Anotado por rynxs hace 6 meses

New, improved, and revised! I tried to bold the names of liverworts that have been observed so far, but apparently that doesn't work in an HTML table (that's what the asterisks are). Riccia rhenana is the only species not on the list to have been observed so far.

Anotado por rynxs hace 5 meses

Thanks Ryan! What do you mean by observed? On iNat?

Anotado por abelkinser hace 5 meses

That they have observations associated with that taxon on iNat in Illinois right now. For taxa with only one subspecies in Illinois (i.e. Reboulia hemisphaerica) I counted observations of the species as the subspecies because that is what they represent (in theory).

Anotado por rynxs hace 5 meses

Very helpful and detailed organization. Much appreciated Ryan.

Anotado por bgrimmer hace 5 meses

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